1) UIDAI: It is a statutory authority established under the provisions of Aadhaar act 2016 by the Govt. of India under the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology.
- Its aim to provide for good governance, efficient, transparent and targeted delivery of subsidies, benefits and services. The UIDAI is mandated to assign a 12-digit unique identification (UID) number (Aadhaar) to all the residents of India.
- The UIDAI was initially set up by the Government of India in January 2009, as an attached office under the aegis of the Planning Commission
2) Performance Grading Index (PGI) for 2020-21: The Ministry of Education has recently released it.
- It is a unique index for evidence-based comprehensive analysis of school education systems across States and UTs. The prime objective of PGI is to promote evidence-based policy-making and highlight course correction to ensure quality education for all.
- As per the index, a total of seven States and Union Territories namely Kerala, Punjab, Chandigarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh have attained Level -2 grading in 2020-21. Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh are the new entrants with the highest achieved level. Union Territory Ladakh has made significant improvements in PGI from Level 8 to Level 4 in 2020-21.
- No state, however, has been able to attain the highest level of L1 so far.
3) The Malabar Exercise: Malabar is a multilateral naval exercise that began in 1992 as a bilateral exercise between the navy fleets of India and the United States.
- Since 2007, MALABAR has been held alternatively off Indian Coast and in the Western Pacific. The exercise has been held every year since 2002 (there was a gap after the 1992, 1995, and 1996 editions due to India’s nuclear testing). It was expanded into a trilateral format with the inclusion of Japan in 2015.
- Currently, the Malabar exercise is among the navies of India, Japan, the US and Australia.
4) Pirarucu: Due to the conservation efforts Pirarucu, also known as arapaima has returned to the lakes of the Medio Jurua in Brazil.
- It is found primarily in floodplain lakes across the Amazon basin, including the region of Medio Jurua.
- It is one of the few fish species in the world that surfaces to breathe. It does that with a big splash, flashing its red tail out of the water.
- The giant fish not so long ago nearly vanished from Jurua, due to unregulated fishing.
5) Child Welfare Police Officers (CWPO): The Ministry of Home Affairs has recently asked the States/Union Territories to appoint a Child Welfare Police Officer (CWPO) in every police station to exclusively deal with children, either as victims or perpetrators.
- According to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015, there should be at least one officer, not below the rank of an Assistant Sub-Inspector, as CWPO in every station.
- NCPCR had requested that a Special Juvenile Police Unit in each district and city, which is headed by an officer not below the rank of a Deputy Superintendent of Police. The unit would comprise CWPOs and two social workers having experience of working in the field of child welfare, of whom one shall be a woman, to co-ordinate all functions of police in relation to children.
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