Recently a report on Taliban Regime was published by the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).
Major findings of the Report:
- It states that foreign terrorist organisations continue to enjoy safe haven under the new Taliban regime.
- The terrorist groups are currently in consolidation mode and not likely to launch major attacks outside Afghanistan before 2023.
- This may be due to financial constraints, and possibly under political pressure not to embarrass the Taliban internationally at this juncture.
- It says about internal division in the Taliban, between the moderate and hardline blocs.
- Wherein moderates want working relationships with foreign partners and integration with the international system and hrdliners are declining such possibilities.
- Independent of both these blocs is the Haqqani Network which, which is inclined towards a pragmatic rather than ideological approach to securing Taliban interests.
Implications on regional geo-politics
- Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan has emboldened and inspired radical Islamist outfits in the region and the world including Al Qaeda and the Islamic State that had been degraded and, in many places, on the back foot.
- Reoccurrence of Islamic terrorism was an expected move and its ripple effects will spread far from Africa to southeast Asia.
- Issues in India: The disputed region of Kashmir may see further unrest and terrorist activities.
- There is further possibility of infiltration all across the Line of Control in both Kashmir and Jammu regions.
- India-China-Pakisan tension: It will almost certainly lead to a dangerous heightening of India-Pakistan tension, already on a razor’s edge at a time when India faces a two-front threat from China and Pakistan.
- Issues in Pakistan: Pakistan too will feel the blow back from the radicalisation from the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan, leading to turmoil in the Pashtun and Baloch areas of Pakistan.
Steps taken by India in countering terrorism:
- Bilateral treaties on Mutual Legal Assistance (MLATs) in Criminal matters to facilitate the investigation, collection of evidence, transfer of witnesses, location and action against proceeds of crime, etc. have been signed with other countries.
- In 2018, India highlighted its demand for a Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT) at the 73rd session of the UN General Assembly (UNGA).
- Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System: It vastly improves the capability of Border Security Force (BSF) in detecting and controlling the cross border crimes like illegal infiltration, smuggling of contraband goods, human trafficking and cross border terrorism, etc.
- Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967: It enables more effective prevention of certain unlawful activities of individuals and associations and for dealing with terrorist activities, and other related matters.
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