1) Mandala art: Mandala is a geometric design or pattern that represents the cosmos or deities in various heavenly worlds. “It’s all about finding peace in the symmetry of the design and the universe,”. It is believed to be rooted in Buddhism, appearing in the first century BC in India.
- In Hinduism, the mandala imagery first appeared in Rig Veda (1500 – 500 BCE).
- It is believed that by entering the mandala and moving towards its center, one is guided through the cosmic process of transforming the universe .
- It depicts transition from one of suffering to that of joy.
2) Enteroviruses: Enteroviruses are a group of viruses (viruses transmitted through the intestine) that cause a number of infectious illnesses which are usually mild.
- However, if they infect the central nervous system, they can cause serious illness.
- The two most common ones are echovirus and coxsackievirus, but there are several others. Enteroviruses also cause polio and hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD).
- Tomato Flu is a rare viral disease caused by Coxsackie virus A 16. It belongs to Enterovirus family.
3) Yakshagana: Yakshagana is a traditional theatre form of Karnataka.
- It is a temple art form that depicts mythological stories and Puranas.
- It is performed with massive headgears, elaborate facial make-up and vibrant costumes and ornaments.
- Yakshagana is believed to have evolved from the ancient Bhutha-worship prevalent in South Canara and Kasaragod.
4) Ulchi Freedom Shield: South Korea and the United States began their largest joint military drills since 2017 this week.
- The military drills included the resumption of field training. These joint military drills are designed to test readiness against North Korea’s missile tests
5) SING Project: Spectrographic Investigation of Nebular Gas (SING) Project is a collaboration between the Indian Institute of Astronomy (IIA) and the Russian Academy of science for designing payload for China’s Tiangong Space station.
- A spectrograph is an instrument that separates incoming light by its wavelength or frequency and records them. Many astronomical observations use telescopes as, essentially, spectrographs.