1) Zorawar: The Indian Army is prioritising the procurement of the indigenous Indian light tank named ‘Zorawar’ for deployment in the mountains.
- The Armoured Fighting Vehicle-Indian Light Tank (AFV-ILT) ‘Zorawar’ will be deployed to outmanoeuvre the movement of Chinese forces during the standoff in eastern Ladakh.
- It will be designed to operate from High Altitude Area, and will be highly transportable for rapid deployment to meet any operational situation.
- It will have equal firepower as the present tank, including missile firing.
2) Swarm Drone Systems: Indian Army has inducted indigenously produced Swarm Drones Systems aiming to employ them in both offensive and defensive operations.
- These drones will provide a decisive edge to the tactical commanders employing them.
- The Indian Army has also initiated a Make-II case, Autonomous Surveillance and Armed Drone Swarm (A-SADS) which includes a version for the High Altitude Area
3) UN Human Rights Council: The UNHRC has 47 members serving at any time with elections held to fill up seats every year, based on allocations to regions across the world to ensure geographical representation.
- Each elected member serves for a term of three years.
- Countries are disallowed from occupying a seat for more than two consecutive terms.
- The UNHRC passes non-binding resolutions on human rights issues through a periodic review of all 193 UN member states called the Universal Periodic Review (UPR).
- it was reconstituted from its predecessor organization, the UN Commission on Human Rights to help overcome the “credibility deficit” of the previous organization.
4) African Rhinoceros: There are two African rhino species, Black Rhino and White Rhino (numbers have increased now)
- While the Black rhinos have hooked upper lip, the White Rhino has a square lip.
- White rhinos are the second largest land mammal after the elephant. (IUCN Red List: Near Threatened; CITES: Appendix I & II)
- Black rhinos are the smaller of the two African Rhinos. Black rhinos are browsers rather than grazers. They have two horns, and occasionally a third, small posterior horn. (IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered; CITES: Appendix I)
5) Bhitarkanika National Park: Odisha’s Bhitarkanika is located in the estuary of Brahmani, Baitarani, Dhamra, and Mahanadi river systems.
- It has the second-largest mangrove forest in India and is a Ramsar site.
- It is the breeding place for the ‘endangered’ saltwater crocodiles.
- The Gahirmatha Beach, which forms the boundary of the sanctuary in the east, is the largest colony of the Olive Ridley Sea Turtles.
- It is one of Odisha’s finest biodiversity hotspots