1) Full court meeting: It literally means one which is attended by all the judges of the court.
- There are no written rules dealing with this. As per convention, full-court meetings are called by the Chief Justice of India to discuss issues of importance to the judiciary.
- The senior designations of practising advocates in the Supreme Court and high courts are also decided during the full court meetings.
2) Centre for Wildlife Rehabilitation and Conservation (CWRC): CWRC is the only facility in India where orphaned and/or injured wild animals of several species are hand-raised and/or treated and subsequently returned to the wild.
- Strategically located adjacent to the Panbari Reserve Forest near Kaziranga National Park in Assam, the centre attends to a wide range of wildlife emergencies resulting from natural or anthropogenic causes.
- A joint venture between Wildlife Trust of India, the International Fund for Animal Welfare and the Assam Forest Department, CWRC was constructed with the support of the Animal Welfare Division, Government of India. It is recognised by the Centre Zoo Authority (CZA).
3) Fiji Virus: The Fiji Virus is the other name for the Southern Rice Black-Streaked Dwarf Virus
- The virus was first reported in southern China in 2001 and causes a striking disease on rice and maize that leads to serious yield losses in several East Asian countries, such as China, Vietnam and Japan.
- It spreads by the white-backed plant hopper (Sogatella furcifera), which injects it while sucking the sap from mostly young plants.
- The virus is specific to the phloem and is not transmitted by seed or grain.
4) Nuclear Matrix: Every cell that makes up an organism contains a copy of its genome, which is embedded in the jelly-like nuclear matrix inside the nucleus.
- The nuclear matrix (NM), or nuclear skeleton, is the non-chromatin, ribonucleo-proteinaceous framework that is resistant to high ionic strength buffers, nonionic detergents, and nucleolytic enzymes.
- It fulfils a structural role in eukaryotic cells. It maintains the shape of the nucleus and the spatial organization of chromatin. The nuclear matrix is a dynamic material providing access for the regulation of different genes in different cells.
- Using biochemical means, the nucleus is treated with an enzyme that digests the entire DNA, then washed with a solution of high salt concentration so that viable DNA proteins are removed.
- Now what is then left is a fibrous meshwork of proteins called the nuclear matrix.
5) PEN-PLUS’ strategy: African health ministers adopt the PEN-PLUS strategy against non-communicable diseases (NCDs).
- PEN-PLUS is basically a regional strategy to address serious non-communicable diseases at first-level referral health facilities, the strategy is aimed at bridging the access gap in treatment and care of patients with chronic and severe NCDs.
- By offering NCD care as a package of services available at primary and district health facilities, patients will find their expenses decrease as they spend less money on transportation, and lodging in cities and less time commuting to the health facilities.