1) UN High Seas Treaty: is also referred to as the ‘Paris Agreement for the Ocean’.
- The treaty aims to deal with Biodiversity beyond National Jurisdiction.
- The proposed treaty concerns the ocean existing beyond the Exclusive Economic Zones that lie from the coast of a country to about 200 nautical miles into the sea, till where it has special rights for exploration.
- The treaty was to be negotiated under the United Nations Convention on Laws of the Sea (UNCLOS) of 1982, which governs the rights of countries regarding marine resources.
- Later, a High Ambition Coalition, which now has more than 100 countries including India, the US and the UK, came about and put the focus on ‘30×30’ goals – protecting 30% of the ocean by 2030.
2) Scheme for Economic Empowerment of DNTs (SEED): launched by The Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment
- Under the scheme, the government seeks to provide free coaching to students for civil services examinations, competitive exams for admission to professional courses; health insurance; livelihood support and housing.
- It has been formulated for families having income from all sources of Rs.2.50 lakh or less per annum and not availing any such benefits from similar Scheme of Centre Government or the State Government. The Scheme will be implemented through a portal
3) NASA’s Artemis Program: it is touted as the next generation of lunar exploration, and is named after the twin sister of Apollo from Greek mythology, along with JAXA, ESA and CSA.
- With the Artemis programme, NASA aims to land humans on the moon by 2024, and it also plans to land the first woman and first person of colour on the moon.
- Artemis I, formerly Exploration Mission-1, will be the first integrated flight test of NASA’s Deep Space Exploration Systems:
- Orion spacecraft: Orion spacecraft is going to remain in space without docking to a space station, longer than any ship for astronauts has ever done before.
- Space Launch System (SLS) rocket: It is the most powerful rocket in the world — and travels 2,80,000 miles from the earth for over four to six weeks during the course of the mission.
4) Pileus Cloud: is also known as a ‘cap cloud’ or ‘scarf cloud’.
- Actually, the rainbow-like pileus cloud is not a cloud in itself.
- The pileus cloud is an accessory cloud of small horizontal extent, in the form of a cap or hood above the top or attached to the upper part of a cumuliform cloud that often penetrates it. Several pileus may fairly often be observed in superposition.
5) Atal Bridge: This bridge is built on the banks of the Sabarmati Riverfront, Sabarmati River which flows through the city of Ahmedabad.
- Sabarmati River is a monsoon-fed river originating in Aravalli hills (Udaipur) and draining in the Gulf of Cambay in the Arabian Sea.
- Major Tributaries: Sei, Harnav, Wakal, Hathmati and Watrak