1) Indian Navy’s ensign: The red cross on a white background is known as the Saint George’s Cross and is named after a Christian Warrior Saint who is believed to have been a crusader during the third crusade. (This cross also serves as the flag of England)
- After Independence, on August 15, 1947, the Indian defence forces continued with the British colonial flags and badges and it was only on Jan 26, 1950, that a changeover to Indianised pattern was made, however, in the Navy’s flag Union Jack was replaced with the Tricolour, and the George’s Cross was retained.
- In 2014, the words ‘Satyamev Jayate’ were included on the flag below the Ashoka emblem in the Devanagri script.
- PM will unveil the new naval ensign (flag) for the Indian Navy in Kochi
2) Hyper lapse Consumerism: In ‘hyper lapse consumerism’, there is a clamour to be the fastest to reach the consumer. The ubiquitous growth of the Internet and the rise of e-commerce have fuelled hyper lapse consumerism, which refers not only to the kinds of products being sold but also to the ease with which consumers order them and the speed at which such products are delivered.
3) PARAKH: the proposed implementing agency is also part of the NEP 2020 proposal. It is also one of the components of World Banks’ sponsored STARS Project (to improve the quality and governance of school education in Indian states)
- It aims to bring about “uniformity” across state and central boards which currently follow different standards of evaluation, leading to wide disparities in scores. PARAKH will help tackle the problem of students of some state boards being at a disadvantage during college admissions as compared to their peers in CBSE schools.
- It will develop and implement “technical standards for the design, conduct, analysis and reporting” of tests at all levels of school education.
4) Zombie Ice: Zombie Ice is the ‘doomed ice’ that, while still attached to thicker areas of the ice, is no longer getting replenished by parent glaciers now receiving less snow.
- Without replenishment, the doomed ice is melting from climate change and will inevitably raise seas.
5) Geneva Convention: It is an international treaty signed in 1949 that helps support the development and safety of International Road traffic.
- In adherence to the Convention of International Road Traffic of 1949 (also known as the Geneva convention), the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways have notified on standardizing the process for issuance of International Driving Permit (IDP)
- India is a signatory of the convention and is required to issue IDPs.