1) Chardham project: The project involves developing and widening 900-km of national highways connecting the holy Hindu pilgrimage sites of; Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri at an estimated cost of Rs.12,000 crores.
- The highway will be called Char Dham Mahamarg(Char Dham Highway) and the highway construction project will be called Char Dham Mahamarg Vikas Pariyojana(Char Dham Highway Development Project).
2) Lean diabetes: People with this form of diabetes have a history of malnutrition in utero and continue to have a low BMI into adulthood.
- In individuals whose nutritional status improves after birth, it is likely they might seem thin, but, in reality, because of the programming in utero, they have actually accumulated more fat than planned for by the gene, leading to the ‘thin-fat’ phenomenon.
- However, LD individuals never catch up with nutritional requirements, continuing to remain nutritionally challenged as adults
- The results of a study demonstrate that the cardinal feature of LD is a defect in insulin secretion capacity versus insulin resistance, as was previously suggested.
3) A policy of deliberate ambiguity: also known as a policy of strategic ambiguity, strategic uncertainty, is the practice by a government of being intentionally ambiguous on certain aspects of its foreign policy.
- EG: U.S. has declared that it will “maintain the ability to come to Taiwan’s defence” while not committing itself to do so.
4) Xinjiang: It lies in the north-west of China and is the country’s biggest region.
- Like Tibet, it is autonomous, meaning – in theory – it has some powers of self-governance. But in practice, both face major restrictions by the central government.
- It is a mostly desert region, producing about a fifth of the world’s cotton.
- It is also rich in oil and natural gas and because of its proximity to Central Asia and Europe is seen by Beijing as an important trade link.
5) Diabetes mellitus: it is a non-communicable but chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas gland of the body is not able to make insulin or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin produced. Insulin is the hormone that regulates blood sugar or glucose levels.
- TYPE 1 DIABETES: In this type, the body produces very little or no insulin.
- TYPE 2 DIABETES: In this type, the body is not able to use the insulin that it produces.