1) Crohn’s Disease: It is a chronic, or long-term condition that causes inflammation in the digestive tract. It is not clear what causes Crohn’s disease. Although it typically starts in childhood or early adulthood, Crohn’s disease can develop at any age.
- Inflammation caused by Crohn’s disease can involve different areas of the digestive tract in different people, most commonly the small intestine.
- Treatment: There’s no known cure for Crohn’s disease, but therapies can greatly reduce its signs and symptoms.
2) Bedaquiline: Recently, the Indian Patent Office rejected Johnson & Johnson’s attempt to extend its monopoly on manufacturing Bedaquiline in India.
- Bedaquiline is an oral medication used to treat active tuberculosis. it is particularly used to treat multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB)
- It has a unique mechanism of action, targeting the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase enzyme of the TB mycobacteria.
- The Patents Act, 1970 is the legislation that governs patents in India. It first came into force in 1972.
- The Office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks or CGPDTM is the body responsible for the Indian Patent Act.
3) High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARS): It is a light multiple rocket launcher manufactured a US-based security and aerospace company.
- It is an air-transportable wheeled launcher mounted on 5-ton Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV). It can fire six guided missiles in quick succession.
- HIMARS fires GPS-guided missiles which can be more accurately targeted.
4) World Energy Transitions Outlook report: International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) released the World Energy Transitions Outlook report.
- The global energy transition is still “off-track” and falls short of the 1.5 degrees Celsius pathway.
- By 2030, cumulative investments must amount to USD 44 trillion, with transition technologies representing 80 per cent of the total, or $35 trillion, “prioritising efficiency, electrification, grid expansion and flexibility”.
- Current pledges and plans fall well short of IRENA’s 1.5°C pathway and will result in an emissions gap of 16 gigatonnes (Gt) in 2050.
5) Varanasi-based goods receive GI tag:
- The Benarasi Paan which is famous for its delicious taste and make got GI tag
- Further, Banarasi Langda Mango, Ramnagar Bhanta (Brinjal), and Adamchini Rice also received the GI tag for the riverine city in the Bhojpur-Purvanchal region of India.
- With this addition, a total of 22 GI-tagged products belong to the Kashi region.