CERT-IN: CERT-IN is an office within the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
- It is the nodal agency to deal with cyber security threats like hacking and phishing. It strengthens the security-related defense of the Indian Internet domain.
- It was formed in 2004 by the Government of India under the Information Technology Act, 2000 Section (70B).
Delimitation Commission: It is responsible for drawing up of boundaries of constituencies.
- is a high-power body whose orders have the force of law. Its orders cannot be called in question before any court.
- These orders come into force on a date to be specified by the President of India
- The copies of its orders are laid before the House of the People and the State Legislative Assembly concerned, but no modifications are permissible therein by them.
- Article 82 and Article 170 provides for delimitation at National and state respectively.
Collegium System: It is a novel mechanism devised to ensure a democratic system of appointment and transfer of judges.
- It came into existence through Second and Third Judges Case judgments.
- There is no such law or constitutional provision that mentions or defines the collegium system.
- It is headed by the CJI and comprises 4 other senior-most judges of the court.
- High Court (HC) Collegium: An HC collegium is led by its Chief Justice (CJ) and four other senior-most judges of that court.
World Food Programme: has launched the 2022 Global Report on Food Crises
- It was founded in 1961 by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) with its headquarters in Rome, Italy.
- It is also a member of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group (UNSDG)
- The international community has committed to end hunger, achieve food security and improve nutrition by 2030.
World food prize: Nobel Prize laureate Norman Borlaug established the World Food Prize in 1986.
- It is a prestigious international award conceived as the “Nobel Prize for Food and Agriculture”.
- It is awarded for a specific, exceptionally significant, individual achievement that advances human development with a demonstrable increase in the quantity, quality, availability of, or access to food through creative interventions at any point within the full scope of the food system.
- The first recipient of this prestigious award in 1987 was Indian agricultural scientist M.S. Swaminathan, the father of India’s Green Revolution.