Zig zag technology: It is a new kiln technology which is being implemented mainly in brick kilns. In the new kiln technology, the bricks are arranged in zig-zag pattern. This allows hot air to cover long path unlike traditional kilns. The heat transfer is improved due to zig-zag pattern. This makes the operation more efficient and reduces coal consumption by 20%. It also uses fans to regulate air. The new Kiln Technology cuts the emissions by 70-80%.
Weapons of Mass Destruction: WMD is a weapon with the capacity to inflict death and destruction on such a massive scale and so indiscriminately that its very presence in the hands of a hostile power can be considered a grievous threat. Recently a bill is being introduced in the LokSabha to ban funding of these weapons. Bill also empowers Centre to freeze financial assets of the people involving in such activities
Emergency Usage Listing: The WHO Emergency Use Listing Procedure (EUL) is a risk-based procedure for assessing and listing unlicensed vaccines, therapeutics and in vitro diagnostics with the ultimate aim of expediting the availability of these products to people affected by a public health emergency. This will assist interested UN procurement agencies and Member States in determining the acceptability of using specific products, based on an essential set of available quality, safety, and efficacy and performance data. The procedure is a key tool for companies wishing to submit their products for use during health emergencies. The EUL concerns three product streams (vaccines, therapeutics and in vitro diagnostics), each of which has specific requirements for products to be eligible for evaluation under the EUL procedure.
Electoral Bond Scheme: These bonds are issued in multiples of Rs. 1,000, Rs. 10,000, Rs. 1 lakh, Rs. 10 lakh and Rs. 1 crore without any maximum limit. State Bank of India is authorised to issue and encash these bonds, which are valid for fifteen days from the date of issuance. These bonds are only redeemable in the designated account of a registered political party. The bonds are available for purchase by any citizen of India for a period of ten days each in the months of January, April, July and October as may be specified by the Central Government. A person being an individual can buy bonds, either singly or jointly with other individuals. The donor’s name is not mentioned on the bond. Supreme Court has agreed to take up hearing plea of a pending challenge against Electoral Bonds.
HAL: HAL stands for Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. It is a state owned aerospace and defense company headquartered in Bangalore. Its primary purpose is to design, fabricate and assemble fighter aircrafts, transport aircrafts for Air Force, helicopters etc. HAL and Israel Aerospace limited has entered into a MoU to convert civil passenger aircrafts to multi mission tanker transport aircraft in India.
ISA: Nepal is the latest and 102nd member to be inducted in to International Solar Alliance. The ISA is an intergovernmental treaty-based organisation with a global mandate to catalyse solar growth by helping to reduce the cost of financing and technology. ISA is the nodal agency for implementing One Sun One World One Grid (OSOWOG), which seeks to transfer solar power generated in one region to feed the electricity demands of others. It is an Indian initiative that was launched by the Prime Minister of India and the President of France on 30th November 2015 in Paris, France on the side-lines of the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP-21), with 121 solar resource rich countries lying fully or partially between the tropic of Cancer and tropic of Capricorn as prospective members.