Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM): India is hosting the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) senior officials meetings to discuss on topics such as energy transition, Clean Power, Green Steel, and Hydrogen held as part of meeting. CEM is a high-level global forum of 29 member countries to promote policies and programs that advance clean energy technology through sharing of knowledge and best practices. It brings together the world’s leading economies, international organisations and companies to accelerate clean energy transitions. It was established in December 2009 at the UN’s Framework Convention on Climate Change conference of parties in Copenhagen.
Prakriti: Union Minister of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC) launched Prakriti mascot to spread awareness among masses about small changes that can be sustainably adopted for a better environment. Also, following initiatives were launched for plastic waste management: National Dashboard on Elimination of Single Use Plastic (SUP) and Plastic Waste Management (MoEFCC). Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) Portal for Plastic Packaging (CPCB) for improving accountability, traceability, transparency and facilitating ease of reporting compliance to EPR Obligations. Mobile App for SUP Grievance Redressal (CPCB) to empower citizens to check sale/usage/manufacturing of SUP in their area and tackle the plastic menace.
Twin Deficit: Current Account Deficit and Fiscal Deficit (also known as “budget deficit” is a situation when a nation’s expenditure exceeds its revenues) are together known as twin deficits and both often reinforce each other, i.e., a high fiscal deficit leads to higher CAD and vice versa.
Geneva Convention: The Geneva Conventions (1949) and their Additional Protocols are international treaties that contain the most important rules limiting the barbarity of war. They protect people who do not take part in the fighting (civilians, medics, aid workers) and those who can no longer fight (wounded, sick and shipwrecked troops, prisoners of war). The first Geneva Convention protects wounded and sick soldiers on land during war. The second Geneva Convention protects wounded, sick and shipwrecked military personnel at sea during war. The third Geneva Convention applies to prisoners of war. The fourth Geneva Convention affords protection to civilians, including in occupied territory. India is a party to the Geneva Convention
ChildLine India Foundation: CIF is the largest network of agencies involved in protection of children. CIF is the nodal agency appointed by the Ministry of Women and Child Development to manage CHILDLINE helpline 1098 – a free, emergency phone service for children in need aid and assistance. It is also the sole agency/body responsible for establishing the CHILDLINE service across the country, monitoring of service delivery and finance, training, research and documentation, creating awareness, advocacy as well as resource generation for the service.
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